(open to all students)
French 1 is an introduction to the French language as it relates topical vocabulary, foundational grammar and the French sound system. These skills will be equally applied in all areas of language communication: reading, writing listening and speaking. An introduction to francophone peoples will occur through short textbook passages, geography lessons, videos and songs. Daily life in France and the city of Paris will be studied in detail. Projects range from the making of a family tree in French to a travel brochure on a French-speaking country. There are two main emphases of French 1: to provide a strong foundation of situational vocabulary and essential grammar so as to facilitate communication in the target language; and to develop an understanding of and appreciation for francophone cultures.
(open to sophomores and juniors)
French 2 continues and expands upon the goals of French 1. This includes an increased acquisition of conversational and situational vocabulary, and using appropriate grammar to write short compositions in French using both present and past tenses. Students will also engage in further and more in-depth exploration of francophone places and cultures. A restaurant menu and conversation skit in French will be the project focus for French 2.
FRENCH 2 ADV
(open to sophomores and juniors; also open to students who place out of French 1)
The emphasis of advanced French 2 is to bring the student to a fuller level of communication through the use of grammar and syntax unique to the French language. Projects will include a restaurant menu and conversation skit in French, as well as an open-ended realia project on an aspect of French language and culture as agreed upon by both student and teacher. Grammatical concepts will include the addition of multiple verb tenses, irregular structure, pronouns and concepts that have no parallel in English. Advanced French 2 also includes a more in-depth study of French cities and provinces, as well as French-speaking cultures in Africa and North America.
(generally open to juniors and seniors)
Using a multifaceted approach with emphasis on listening, speaking, reading, and writing, students will learn to communicate at an intermediate level of French. This includes a heightened acquisition of conversational and situational vocabulary, while using appropriate grammar to write short essays and projects in French using present, past, and future tenses, with multiple pronoun and adjective placement and agreement. Students will also engage in further exploration of francophone places and cultures while comparing them to their own.
FRENCH 3 ADV
Prerequisite: French 2
(generally open to juniors and seniors)
Using a multifaceted approach with emphasis on listening, speaking, reading, and writing, students will learn to communicate at an intermediate level of French. While this course continues to add vocabulary and grammar to the student repertoire, the approach becomes grounded in reading and discussion. Vocabulary topics are more abstract and grammatical concepts expand to include the conditional and subjunctive tenses. Reading comprehension in French is achieved through readings about French culture, and comprehension is measured through short essays as well as in-class discussions in the target language.
FRENCH 4 ADV
Prerequisite: French 3
(generally open to seniors)
Students will study the most advanced grammatical concepts in French and the focus is mainly on preparing students for French study at the university level. Reading comprehension is achieved through a detailed study of French literature, art, and history. Student comprehension is measured largely through essays in the target language.
When the Scyllitan martyrs confessed their faith in Christ before the Roman proconsul Vigellius Saturninus, they did so in Latin.
When the English barons constrained the power of King John by that cornerstone of English liberties, the Magna Carta, they did so in Latin.
When the physicist Isaac Newton revealed to the world his work on gravity and the three universal laws of motion, he did so in Latin.
The Latin language is at the very heart of our civilization. It has given us the language of our religion, of our laws, of our medicine, of our sciences, of our intellectual endeavors in general. The student who studies Latin enters into fellowship with great men and women of generations and centuries past; he becomes an heir of their accumulated wisdom. The student of Latin knows with greater certainty where he has come from; discerns with greater clarity where he is at; considers with greater judgment and greater boldness where he ought to go.
There is a place in our program for every student who wants to learn Latin. We strongly encourage you to give careful consideration to the benefits that the study of Latin promises you.
33100 – FL-LA1 (1 credit)
LATIN 1 – Introduction to the Latin Language. The foundation of the Latin program is a textbook “Latin for the New Millennium” Level 1 by Milena Minkova and Terence Tunberg. The course is designed for students who have had some or no preparation in Latin. The students learn fundamental Latin vocabulary and grammar, the most important facts from Roman history, culture, e.g. daily life in Rome and mythology. Students read passages based on Latin literature, which proceed in chronological order from Plautus to Boethius. Latin 1 introduces students to all of the major Latin authors including the big five: Catullus, Cicero, Horace, Ovid, and Vergil. Students learn the historical context for Latin selections from all the major Latin authors. By the end of the first year of Latin, students will be able to translate on their own, pre-intermediate level Latin texts.
33300 – FL-LA2 (1 credit)
Prerequisite: Latin 1
LATIN 2 – Pre-Intermediate Latin. Students continue to build and to develop vocabulary, knowledge of grammar and language structures. Topics include: nouns of the fourth and fifth declensions; adjectives of the third declension; comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives and adverbs; present, imperfect, future, and perfect tenses; deponent verbs; present and future participles; supine. Numerous exercises deepen understanding of the structure of the language. Students who have completed Latin 2 will have acquired a vocabulary of over eleven hundred words and will have read over thirty-seven hundred lines of Latin prose. Students build their knowledge of the classical world with special projects and presentations.
33400 – FL-LA2-AD (1 credit)
Prerequisite: Latin 1
ADVANCED LATIN 2 – Intermediate Latin. Students use “Latin for the New Millennium” Level 2. Students continue to build and develop vocabulary, knowledge of grammar and language structures. The course participants increase their grammatical skills especially with verb usage including subjunctives, deponents, participles, and infinitives. They practice nouns and adjectives of all declensions; comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives and adverbs. Course focuses on reading accuracy and fluency in translation. Students work on the translating of Roman authors such as Nepos, Livy, Caesar and Cicero – moving from adapted text to authentic text as the year progresses. Latin 2 gives students also the opportunity to learn about the rich tradition of Latin as the language of western thought using readings from Bede and Einhard to Copernicus and Holberg. The majority of Level Two Latin readings are drawn from those Renaissance writers who model their Latin on the classical Latin of Cicero. This course also seeks to strengthen the students’ knowledge of English grammar and vocabulary.
33500 – FL-LA3 (1 credit)
Prerequisite: Latin 2
LATIN 3 – Intermediate Latin. Students continue mastering all the essential elements of classical Latin grammar and syntax. They expand their English vocabulary through studying Latin and Greek roots in subject of law, medicine, politics, and economics. Numerous exercises strengthen their knowledge of the language. Students read original and translated passages from Caesar, Cicero, as well as of the Renaissance writers; verses from the poetry of Vergil, Ovid, and Catullus. They analyze and discuss different styles of writing. Through many projects and presentations students deepen their understanding of Western Civilization.
33600 – FL-LA3-AD (1 credit)
Prerequisite: Latin 2 Adv
ADVANCED LATIN 3 – Upper – Intermediate Latin. The foundation of the Latin 3 program is a textbook “Latin for the New Millennium” Level 3 by Milena Minkova and Terence Tunberg. Students continue the development of their vocabulary and grammatical structures in authentic Latin literature. The purpose of the course is to build reading fluency using original texts and translations of ancient authors. Students start also reading Latin poetry and learning different meters.
Level 3 builds on the strong foundation of Levels 1 and 2 and provides students an in-depth experience of Caesar, Catullus, Cicero, Horace, Ovid, and Vergil as well as of the Renaissance writer Erasmus. This course provides students an introduction to un-adapted Latin literature and builds their literary analysis skills. Students strengthen their knowledge of the classical world with special projects and presentations.
FL – LA4 (1 credit)
Prerequisite: Latin 3/Latin 3 Advanced
LATIN 4/4 Advanced – Advanced Latin. Latin 4 is designed for students, who have finished three years of Latin, and want to advance their translation skills. Throughout the course, students master all the essential elements of classical Latin grammar and syntax. They learn how to recognize and read different poetic meters, and discuss rhetorical and poetic devices. Numerous exercises deepen their understanding of the structure of the language. Students read original Latin texts from classical authors. Some of the selections might include Cicero’s “First Catilinarian Oration”, and Ovid’s “Love and Transformation”.
FL-AP Latin (1 credit)
Prerequisite: Latin 3 Adv
AP Latin – The AP Latin is designed for upper-intermediate students, who will take AP Latin: Vergil/Caesar Exam. During the course, students gain the ability to read, translate, understand, analyze and interpret Latin poetry and prose. Students read the lines of the Vergil’s ‘Aeneid’ and chapters from Caesar’s ‘Gallic War’. Throughout the course, students prepare and translate the required passages with accuracy and understanding; they also read and comprehend passages at sight.
*College Board AP, Latin 2012-2013
Spanish I is an intensive course where students will strive to master the fundamentals of Spanish grammar, vocabulary, and communication. Although not all elements of Spanish grammar are covered, this course is complex, intense and requires a lot of memorization. By the end of course, students will have a broad knowledge of the basics of the Spanish language; they will learn all of the present tense and the basics of the preterite (past tense).
This course strives to meet the goals of the Foreign Language program. Students will learn to communicate effectively, with the added challenge of doing so in a foreign language. Students will think critically as they solve problems, interpret language structures, and apply learned skills to new situations.
(open to all students)
The course is a continuation of Spanish grammar and vocabulary. Students will strengthen their writing, speaking and listening skills through grammar exercises, reading short passages, writing and watching short playlets (i.e., fotonovelas) in Spanish. Emphasis is placed on proper speech and writing as students add additional verb tenses and explore more complex aspects of the language. Students also study cultural topics pertaining to people of Spanish-speaking countries through readings, videos and research projects essays and short writing responses will be assigned in Spanish.
SPANISH 2 ADV
(open to all students)
The course is a continuation of Spanish grammar and vocabulary. Students will strengthen their writing, speaking and listening skills through grammar exercises, reading short passages, writing and watching short playlets (i.e., fotonovelas) in Spanish. Emphasis is placed on proper speech and writing as students add additional verb tenses and explore more complex aspects of the language. Students also study cultural topics pertaining to people of Spanish-speaking countries through readings, videos and research projects essays and short writing responses will be assigned in Spanish. The advanced course has an increased expectation of communicative proficiency in the target language.
(open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors)
The course exposes students to more advanced readings and vocabulary. It is designed to provide students with an active and rewarding learning experience as they continue to strengthen their language skills and develop their cultural competency. Students read passages from several sources and other literature and demonstrate comprehension through discussion, question and answer and written response. Further emphasis is placed on proper speech and writing. Writing proficiency increases commensurate with a third year program in foreign language and students will be required to write about their own personal experiences. As part of this course, students will be required to complete work assigned from a companion website to the textbook.
SPANISH 3 ADV
(open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors)
The Advanced third year of study in Spanish requires spoken Spanish in all aspects of oral and written communication in the classroom. Students should be prepared to understand more complex passages from text, short stories, and other forms of literature as they become more comfortable reading the language. Students contribute in both individual and group format in the presentation of skits for the class. Students will be required to write about their personal experiences. As part of this class, work will be assigned from a companion website to the textbook.
SPANISH 4 ADV
(open to juniors and seniors who have taken Spanish 3; students who placed out of Spanish 1 are required to take this course or AP Spanish)
This course is designed for students to continue refinement in the four main dimensions of the Spanish language, including speaking, writing, aural, and reading skills. This class seeks to review and improve upon the skills learned from Spanish I-III. Students will be exposed to Spanish readings as it relates to various themes, such as history, the arts, culture, current events, their personal lives and experiences, and sports. They will also be exposed to authentic listening materials with native voices. Throughout the course, students will be asked to stretch their communicative abilities by making presentations and/or dialogues that cover various themes and grammatical structures. As the course progresses, they will be introduced to more difficult and abstract vocabulary. Students will be asked to incorporate this vocabulary and the more complex grammatical structures to communicate more analytically through discussions or presentations and writings. One requirement of this course is for students to maintain a writing portfolio in which they will be asked to write over various themes and incorporate various structures and styles.
(open to juniors and seniors who have taken Spanish 3 ADV; requires a teacher recommendation)
AP Spanish seeks to incorporate daily the use of writing, speaking, listening, and reading skills. Students will be exposed to authentic readings and listening materials with native voices. Throughout the course, students will be asked to stretch their communicative abilities by making presentations and/or dialogues that cover various themes and grammatical structures. As the course progresses, they will be introduced to more difficult and abstract vocabulary. Students will be asked to incorporate this vocabulary and the more complex grammatical structures to communicate more analytically through discussions or presentations and writings. One requirement of this course is for students to maintain a writing portfolio in which they will be asked to write over various themes and incorporate various structures and styles. This includes the ability to draw conclusions and make inferences about the texts and authors they have read and the ability to compare and contrast both written and audio media throughout the course. We will encourage skills related to higher-order thinking (i.e., synthesis of information, not summary). This course will test in similar ways to a traditional advanced language course, however, we will teach and use parts of the AP testing requirements in the tests and exams as well. Prior to testing for the AP in May, students will have been exposed to each type of AP testing format and will have been tested similarly in the classroom.
(open to seniors only who have taken Spanish 4 or AP Spanish)
Spanish 5 is offered only to those students who placed out of Spanish 1 and would like a fourth year of Spanish. This course is an advanced course, which will be a continuation of AP Spanish involving more authentic sources of literature and listening skills. Students will be asked to give weekly or bi-weekly presentations based on current events or other themes, read and analyze longer pieces of literature, and execute longer essays in Spanish. There will be a continual emphasis on building vocabulary and complex sentence structures as well as improving on higher-order skills. Students are expected to only converse in Spanish and to be peer leaders for students in AP Spanish and Spanish 4 classes. It is highly encouraged that students will take the AP exam at the end of the course.
LEARNING and LANGUAGE FOUNDATIONS
(open by permission to freshmen, sophomores, and juniors)
This elective will provide a basis for the understanding of grammar and its usefulness in the study of English and foreign languages. Concentrated study of the parts of speech and the parts of a sentence will be incorporated with usage problems, which make English the difficult language that it is. Subject-verb agreement, pronoun- antecedent agreement, case, spelling, and verb tenses will be included. Basic diagramming will be included to assist the students in studying independent and subordinate clauses. The students will use a handbook, which includes exercises, and explanations, which will allow for practice and mastery of the areas under consideration. This course does not count toward the 3-year foreign language requirement.